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About Sri Lanka

Official name:

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Former Name:

National Anthem:

Government type:

Ceylon

”Sri Lanka Matha” composed by late Mr. Ananda  Samarakoon

Republic

Location:

Latitude 5° 55. to 9° 50. north, longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52., 650km north of the equator

Dimensions:

430km north to south, 225km east to west

Coastline:

1,340km

Area:

65,525km

Currency (code):

Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)

Independence:

4 February 1948

Administrative capital:

Sri Jayewardenepura

Commercial capital:

Colombo

Administrative divisions:

9 provinces; Central, North Central, Northern, North Western, Sabaragamuwa, Southern, Uva, Western, Eastern Province.

Climate:

Typically tropical, with a northeast monsoon (December to March) bringing unsettled weather to the north and east, and a southwest monsoon (June to October) bringing bad weather to the south and west

Population:

Population growth:

Population Density:

Approximate 19 Million

1.3%

309 people per  sqkm

 

Highest mountain:

Pidurutalagala, 2,524m

Highest waterfall:

Bambarakanda, 263m

National Flower

The Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata).

National parks and nature reserves area:

8,000sq.km

Life Expectancy at Birth

74 female, 64 male

Literacy rate :

Female 87.9 Male 92.5

Languages:

Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
Note: English (a link language commonly) is used in government and spoken competently by about 10% of the population

Religion:

Buddhism  70 %, Hinduism 16 %, Christianity  7 %, Islam 7 %

Agriculture & products

Rice, sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseed, spices, tea, rubber, coconutsm milk, eggs, hides, beef, fish

Industries:

Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities; telecommunications, insurance, banking; clothing, textiles; cement, petroleum refining.

Flag description:

yellow with two panels; the smaller hoist-side panel has two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and orange; the other panel is a large dark red rectangle with a yellow lion holding a sword, and there is a yellow bo leaf in each corner; the yellow field appears as a border around the entire flag and extends between the two panels

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